Friday, 22 September 2023

Top 10 Security Testing Interview Questions & Answers with examples ?

 




In today's interconnected digital landscape, where data breaches and cyber threats are on the rise, security testing plays a pivotal role in safeguarding organizations and their stakeholders. It is a proactive and systematic process that assesses software applications, systems, and networks to uncover vulnerabilities, weaknesses, and potential points of exploitation. 

By identifying and addressing these security risks, security testing helps protect sensitive data, prevent unauthorized access, ensure compliance with regulatory standards, and maintain business continuity. 

Moreover, it contributes to building and preserving trust among customers and partners, demonstrating an unwavering commitment to cybersecurity in an ever-evolving threat landscape. In this era of increasing digitalization, the importance of security testing cannot be overstated, as it serves as a critical shield against the myriad threats that organizations face.

Let's discuss the top 10 interview questions on security testing, along with answers and example scenarios:

1. What is Security Testing?

Answer: Security testing is a process that identifies vulnerabilities, threats, and risks in an application or system to ensure it is resistant to unauthorized access, attacks, and data breaches.

Example Scenario: 

In an e-commerce application, security testing helps identify potential vulnerabilities like SQL injection or cross-site scripting (XSS) that could compromise user data or the system's integrity.


2. What are the common types of security testing?

Answer: Common types of security testing include:

  • Vulnerability Assessment: Identifying vulnerabilities.
  • Penetration Testing: Actively exploiting vulnerabilities.
  • Security Scanning: Automated scanning for known vulnerabilities.
  • Security Auditing: Evaluating security policies and procedures.
  • Ethical Hacking: Attempting to hack the system with permission.
  • Risk Assessment: Evaluating risks and their impacts.



3. Explain Cross-Site Scripting (XSS).


Answer: XSS is a vulnerability where malicious code is injected into a web application and executed in a user's browser. It can steal user data, session cookies, or perform other malicious actions.

Example Scenario: 

An attacker injects malicious JavaScript code into a web form's input field. When another user views the page, the code runs in their browser, compromising their session.


4. What is SQL Injection?


Answer: SQL Injection is a security vulnerability that occurs when attackers inject malicious SQL queries into input fields, leading to unauthorized access to a database.


Example Scenario: 

An attacker enters '; DROP TABLE users -- into a login form, causing the database to delete the "users" table.


5. Explain the Same-Origin Policy (SOP).


Answer: SOP is a security measure in web browsers that restricts web pages from making requests to a different domain than the one that served the web page. It prevents cross-site request forgery (CSRF) and data theft.

Example Scenario: 

Without SOP, an attacker's website could make requests to your bank's website on your behalf, potentially transferring money without your consent.


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๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿ‘‰  Java ENUMS with Test Automation



6. What is a DDoS attack?


Answer: Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is an attack where multiple compromised computers are used to flood a target system or network with traffic, causing it to become unavailable.


Example Scenario: 

An e-commerce website may face a DDoS attack during a flash sale, rendering the website inaccessible to legitimate customers.


7. What is OWASP, and why is it important in security testing?

Answer: OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project) is a community-driven organization focused on improving software security. It provides a list of the top web application security risks (OWASP Top Ten) and guidelines for mitigating them.

Example Scenario: 

Security testers refer to the OWASP Top Ten to identify and address common security vulnerabilities in web applications, ensuring they follow best practices.


8. What is the purpose of a security risk assessment?

Answer: A security risk assessment evaluates an organization's assets, identifies potential threats and vulnerabilities, and assesses the impact of security risks. It helps in prioritizing security measures.

Example Scenario: 

Before launching a new online banking feature, a bank conducts a security risk assessment to identify and mitigate potential threats to customer data.


9. Explain the difference between authentication and authorization.

Answer:

  • Authentication is the process of verifying a user's identity (e.g., username and password).
  • Authorization is the process of granting or denying access to specific resources or actions based on a user's identity and permissions.

Example Scenario: 

After logging into a web application (authentication), a user is authorized to view their profile but not modify admin settings (authorization).


10. What is the role of a security test plan in security testing?

Answer: A security test plan outlines the scope, objectives, resources, and schedule of security testing activities. It provides a structured approach to conducting security tests and ensures all security aspects are covered.

Example Scenario: 

A security test plan for an e-commerce platform specifies that the testing will focus on payment processing, data encryption, and user authentication to ensure customer data remains secure during transactions.

These questions and answers provide a foundation for discussing security testing in interviews and highlight the importance of identifying and addressing security vulnerabilities in software and systems.


Happy testing! ๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿงช #sidpost and to learn more on API Testing with Postman, Rest Assured, Design Patterns, Architecture, JSON, POJO and many more latest techs with Jenkins & GIT, please refer to the link here:  https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1c0jy99kca_imCmPIQTVuIaPZAHnyIF8qtZhipHi4dLY/edit#gid=1110874939  [Course is crafted by MAANG SDET (LinkedIn Profile), and it also includes pair programming sessions, mock interviews and 1:1 doubt sessions]


๐Ÿ“ŒYouTube channel:
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๐Ÿ“ŒTelegram group:
https://lnkd.in/gUUQeCha

๐Ÿ“ŒSchedule 1:1 call:
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๐Ÿ“ŒMedium blogs:
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TOP API TESTING INTERVIEW Q&A




*****
For the Top API Testing Interview Q&A, refer the link : https://lnkd.in/drhqciDd
*****

๐Ÿ‘‰ For 1:1 call in Resume & LinkedIn profile help, reach out to me : https://lnkd.in/ddayTwnq

๐Ÿ‘‰ Learn more about API Status codes with examples:

https://lnkd.in/gqCmrjMW

************************************************


************************************************

Learn (API-Microservice)Testing+ Selenium UI Automation-SDET with Self Paced Videos prepared by FAANG employees and LIVE Doubt Session 

SET TRANING VIDEOS AVAILABLE with Live Doubt Session Check Training Page for Course Content or reach out @whatsapp +91-9619094122. 
This includes classnotes, 500+ interview questions, 3 projects, and a Java Coding question set for product companies along with career guidance from FAANG employees for Automation and SDET.


Course_001API Automation +
UI Automation +
Mobile Testing +
ChatGPT For Test Automation +
Jenkins-GIT-Docker
Course_002API Automation +
UI Automation +
Jenkins-GIT-Docker
Course_003API Automation +
ChatGPT for Test Automation +
Jenkins-GIT
Course_004ChatGPT for Test Automation
Course_005API Automation +
Jenkins-GIT


*******************************************************************
For any doubts or career guidance from me, reach out here: https://topmate.io/sidharth_shukla

********************************************************************

****************************************

 SDET Interview Question and Answers

TestNG Interview questions and answers

Jenkins Interview Questions and Answers

Appium Interview Questions and Answers

Selenium Interview Questions and answers

Java Coding Interview Questions and Answers

GIT Interview Questions and Answers

************************************************

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SeleniumWebdriver Automation Testing Interview Questions:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/SeleniumWebdriver

API Testing Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2022/03/top-80-api-testing-interview-questions.html

DevOps Interview Q&A:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2021/11/top-11-devops-interview-questions-and.html 

Kubernetes Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Kubernetes

Docker Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/Docker

Linux Interview question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Linux

Automation Testing/SDET Framework Design

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/FrameworkDesign

Java Related Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Java

GIT Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2021/09/top-40-git-interview-questions-and.html

Coding Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Coding%20Questions

Mobile Testing Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Mobile%20Testing

Python Interview Question Set for QAE - SDET - SDE:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Python


#APITesting #RestAssured #TestingTips #testautomation #software #api #sdet #automation #restassured #career #technology #qualityassurance

Tuesday, 5 September 2023

Different ways to Automate API Headers in Rest Assured ?

 





What is Rest Assured?

Rest Assured is a powerful Java library designed for simplifying and streamlining the testing of RESTful APIs. It provides a clean and intuitive way to write API tests, making it an essential tool for developers and testers working on web services. Rest Assured offers a domain-specific language (DSL) for writing HTTP requests and assertions, which allows you to express your test cases in a readable and structured manner. This DSL aligns with the principles of behavior-driven development (BDD) and makes it easy to verify the functionality, response, and behavior of your API endpoints. Rest Assured supports various authentication mechanisms, request parameters, and response validation, making it a versatile choice for API testing across different scenarios.


How to Automate GET-POST-PUT-DELETE with Rest Assured 


What are Headers in API ?

Headers play a critical role in HTTP communication and are equally important when working with Rest Assured. In the context of Rest Assured, headers refer to the metadata associated with an HTTP request or response. Headers contain vital information such as content type, authentication tokens, caching directives, and more. When testing APIs using Rest Assured, you can easily manipulate and verify headers in your requests and responses. This is essential for scenarios like setting authentication tokens in request headers or examining response headers to ensure that the server is returning the expected content type or status codes. Rest Assured provides intuitive methods to work with headers, allowing you to customize and validate them as part of your API tests, ensuring that your web services meet the required specifications and standards.


How to Automate SOAP API using Rest Assured with real-time examples?



Automate Headers using Rest Assured 

Let's Talk about Headers in Rest Assured

✅ Just wanted to share a quick tip on how to enhance your API testing using Rest Assured.


✅ In Rest Assured, you can pass headers to your HTTP requests using the header() method provided by the RequestSpecification.

This method allows you to add single headers, multiple headers, and headers from a map.

* * * * *
๐Ÿ‘‰ How to send a Single Header ๐Ÿ“Œ
* *****

You can add a single header to your request using the header() method.

Here's an example: ๐Ÿ‘‡

public class SingleHeaderExample {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    RestAssured.baseURI = "https : // reqres . in";
    RequestSpecification request = RestAssured.given()
    .header("Authorization", "BearerToken");

    Response response = request.get("/users");

    System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
  }


What are the Test Automation Metrics?



* * * * *
๐Ÿ‘‰ How to send Multiple Headers ๐Ÿ“Œ
*******

You can add multiple headers to your request by chaining multiple header() calls.

Here's an example:

public class MultipleHeadersExample {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    RestAssured.baseURI = "https : // reqres . in";
    RequestSpecification request = RestAssured.given()
    .header("Authorization", "BearerToken")
    .header("Content-Type", "application/json");

    Response response = request.post("/users");

    System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
  }
}



* * * * *
๐Ÿ‘‰ How to send Headers with Map ๐Ÿ“Œ
*******

You can also add headers from a map using the headers() method.

Here's an example:

public class HeadersFromMapExample {
public static void main(String[] args) {

RestAssured.baseURI = "https : // reqres . in";
Map<String, String> headersMap = new HashMap<>();
headersMap.put("Authorization","BearerToken");
headersMap.put("Content-Type", "application/json");

RequestSpecification request = RestAssured.given()
.headers(headersMap);

Response response = request.put("/users");
System.out.println(response.getStatusCode());
}
}


Feel free to try these examples on your API testing projects and supercharge your testing game.

Happy testing! ๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿงช #sidpost and to learn more on API Testing with Postman, Rest Assured, Design Patterns, Architecture, JSON, POJO and many more latest techs with Jenkins & GIT, please refer to the link here:  https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1c0jy99kca_imCmPIQTVuIaPZAHnyIF8qtZhipHi4dLY/edit#gid=1110874939  [Course is crafted by MAANG SDET (LinkedIn Profile), and it also includes pair programming sessions, mock interviews and 1:1 doubt sessions]


๐Ÿ“ŒYouTube channel:
https://lnkd.in/gHJ5BDJZ

๐Ÿ“ŒTelegram group:
https://lnkd.in/gUUQeCha

๐Ÿ“ŒSchedule 1:1 call:
https://lnkd.in/ddayTwnq

๐Ÿ“ŒMedium blogs:
https://lnkd.in/gkUX8eKY


TOP API TESTING INTERVIEW Q&A




*****
For the Top API Testing Interview Q&A, refer the link : https://lnkd.in/drhqciDd
*****

๐Ÿ‘‰ For 1:1 call in Resume & LinkedIn profile help, reach out to me : https://lnkd.in/ddayTwnq

๐Ÿ‘‰ Learn more about API Status codes with examples:

https://lnkd.in/gqCmrjMW

************************************************


************************************************

Learn (API-Microservice)Testing+ Selenium UI Automation-SDET with Self Paced Videos prepared by FAANG employees and LIVE Doubt Session 

SET TRANING VIDEOS AVAILABLE with Live Doubt Session Check Training Page for Course Content or reach out @whatsapp +91-9619094122. 
This includes classnotes, 500+ interview questions, 3 projects, and a Java Coding question set for product companies along with career guidance from FAANG employees for Automation and SDET.

For more details whatsapp : https://lnkd.in/dnBWDM33

Course_001API Automation +
UI Automation +
Mobile Testing +
ChatGPT For Test Automation +
Jenkins-GIT-Docker
Course_002API Automation +
UI Automation +
Jenkins-GIT-Docker
Course_003API Automation +
ChatGPT for Test Automation +
Jenkins-GIT
Course_004ChatGPT for Test Automation
Course_005API Automation +
Jenkins-GIT

*******************************************************************
For any doubts or career guidance from me, reach out here: https://topmate.io/sidharth_shukla

********************************************************************

****************************************

 SDET Interview Question and Answers

TestNG Interview questions and answers

Jenkins Interview Questions and Answers

Appium Interview Questions and Answers

Selenium Interview Questions and answers

Java Coding Interview Questions and Answers

GIT Interview Questions and Answers

************************************************

*************************************************




SeleniumWebdriver Automation Testing Interview Questions:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/SeleniumWebdriver

API Testing Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2022/03/top-80-api-testing-interview-questions.html

DevOps Interview Q&A:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2021/11/top-11-devops-interview-questions-and.html 

Kubernetes Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Kubernetes

Docker Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/Docker

Linux Interview question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Linux

Automation Testing/SDET Framework Design

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/FrameworkDesign

Java Related Interview Question Set

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Java

GIT Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/2021/09/top-40-git-interview-questions-and.html

Coding Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Coding%20Questions

Mobile Testing Interview Question Set:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Mobile%20Testing

Python Interview Question Set for QAE - SDET - SDE:

https://automationreinvented.blogspot.com/search/label/Python


#APITesting #RestAssured #TestingTips #testautomation #software #api #sdet #automation #restassured #career #technology #qualityassurance

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